January 2015

House of Commons Foreign Affairs Committee: UK Government policy on the Kurdistan Region of Iraq

"The future of Iraq as a nation state is in question as never before. If its three main communities cannot find an effective formula for political cohabitation then the country may face partition (whether formal or otherwise) with unpredictable consequences for the wider region. Indeed, with ISIL terrorists occupying the west and centre of the country, it may be more accurate to say that Iraq is already broken, and that the question now is whether it can yet be stitched back into a functioning whole." more

September 2014

Amnesty International: Iraq: Ethnic Cleansing on Historic Scale. The Islamic State's Systematic Targeting of Minorities in Northern Iraq

"The group that calls itself the Islamic State (IS) has carried out ethnic cleansing on a historic scale in northern Iraq. Amnesty International has found that the IS has systematically targeted non-Arab and non-Sunni Muslim communities, killing or abducting hundreds, possibly thousands, and forcing more than 830,000 others to flee the areas it has captured since 10 June 2014."   more  

February 2012

Centre for Strategic and International Studies:  Iraq and the Challenge of Continuing Violence
"It is all too clear that the US intervention in Iraq has not produced the level of effective representative government that US policymakers sought between the invasion of 2003 and the departure of US combat forces in 2011."  more

January 2012
Human Rights Watch Country Report: Iraq (full)
"Almost eight years after US-led forces invaded Iraq, the country's transition to a functioning and sustainable democracy built on the rule of law is far from accomplished.  The rights of Iraq's most vulnerable citizens, especially women and detainees, are violated with impunity, and those who would expose official malfeasance or abuses by armed groups do so at enormous risk."  more  

 January 2012
Human Rights Watch Country Report:  Iraq (summary)
"Human rights conditions in Iraq remained extremely poor, especially for journalists, detainees, and opposition activists."  more

 21 September 2011
The University at War
by Hugh Gusterson
"Up to the early 1980s, Iraq's educational system was considered one of the best in the Middle East. As a result of its drastic and prolonged decline since then, it is now one of the weakest."  more

21 September 2011
2010 Report on Human Rights in Iraq
Published by the Human Rights Office of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Iraq (UNAMI) in cooperation with the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) under their respective mandates. Covers a period from 1 January 2010 to 31 December 2010. more

Iraqi Universities ranked low in ranking of universities world-wide, more.

International Rescue Committee (IRC)
Iraqi Refugees
Fleeing violence and persecution, millions of Iraqis have scattered across Iraq, Syria, Jordan and other countries. Ongoing strife and devastation in Iraq prevent most from returning home safely. The International Rescue Committee is providing vital aid and calling the world's attention to their plight, more

06 November 2009
Cultural Cleansing in Iraq:  why museums were looted, libraries burned and academics murdered by Raymond W. Baker, Shereen T. Ismael and Tarek Y. Ismael
Post-invasion chaos created conditions under which the cultural foundations of the state could be undermined. The authors painstakingly document the consequences of the occupiers' willful inaction and worse, which led to the ravaging of one of the world's oldest recorded cultures. Targeted assassination of over 400 academics, kidnapping and the forced flight of thousands of doctors, lawyers, artists and other intellectuals add up to cultural cleansing.  more

01 July 2009
Surviving in the city by Jeff Crisp, Jane Janz, José Riera, Shahira Samy
A review of UNHCR’s operation for Iraqi refugees in urban areas of Jordan, Lebanonand Syria, more.

31 January 2009
Iraq: Key facts and figures
Nearly six years after the US-led invasion, Iraq is preparing to go to the polls in provincial elections.
Millions of dollars have been spent on rebuilding the country's infrastructure, but there is still a long way to go, more.

30 October 2008
Refugees International
Iraqi Refugees: Plan for Ongoing Support in an Unstable Region by Kristele Younes and Sayre Nyce
Two million Iraqi refugees are increasingly desperate and few of them are willing to return home. Although the United Nations and donor governments have dramatically increased their response to Iraqi refugees' needs, these efforts must be expanded as refugees are increasingly vulnerable due to depleting assets and rising costs, more.

05 August 2008
Brookings Institution
The Looming Crisis: Displacement and Security in Iraq by Elizabeth G. Ferris
Lost in discussions of the military surge, the pace of troop drawdowns, and political benchmarks are millions of displaced Iraqi women, children, and men. Their plight is both a humanitarian tragedy and a strategic crisis that is not being addressed. more.

17 March 2008
Refugees International
Iraqi Refugees: Improve UN Outreach in Syria by Krystelel Younes and Elizabeth Campbell
In 2007, the international community finally started responding to the plight of Iraqi refugees in the Middle East. The attention to the crisis resulted in increased funding that allowed the UN—particularly the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR)—and non-governmental organizations to develop and expand their programs. Still, much more remains to be done to identify and meet the particular needs of refugees from mixed socio-economic backgrounds living in developed urban areas, more.

01 March 2008
International Rescue Committee
Five Years Later, a Hidden Crisis: Report of the IRC Commission on Iraqi Refugees
The war that was launched in Iraq five years ago has produced one of the largest humanitarian crises of our time. Yet this crisis is largely hidden from the public and ignored by the international community. More than four million Iraqis of different religions, ethnicities and backgrounds are estimated to be uprooted by horrific violence and death and are in dire need of help. About half have fled to Syria, Jordan, Egypt, Lebanon and elsewhere in the region, more.

Ministry of Planning and Developmental Cooperation and Baytal Hikma
Iraq:  National Report on the Status of Human Development
This report does not hesitate in presenting an objective, albeit worrying, picture of the human development situation in this important period of Iraq's history.  more. 

01 September 2007
Statistics on Displaced Iraqis Around the World
An estimated 60,000 Iraqis are being forced to leave their homes every month by continuing violence. As of September 2007, there
were believed to be well over 4 million displaced Iraqis around the world, including some 2.2 million inside Iraq and a similar number in neighbouring countries (in particular Syria and Jordan) and some 200,000 further afield. Around one million were displaced prior to 2003. The ability of neighbouring states to handle such larger numbers is close to breaking point, more.

28 April 2007
Education Under Attack
by Brendan O’Malley
A global study on targeted political and military violence against education staff, students, teachers, union and government officials, and institutions, more.

09 February 2006
The 2006 ICC Iraq report
The Office of the Prosecutor has received over 240 communications concerning the situation in Iraq.
These communications express the concern of numerous citizens and organizations regarding the launching of military operations and the resulting human loss, more.

21 January 2015
Foreign Affairs Committee
UK Government policy on the Kurdistan Region of Iraq

The report acknowledges that Iraq’s future as a nation state is in question as never before and that independence for the Kurdistan Region is a serious possibility. But for now the UK Government is right to call on Iraqi Arabs and Kurds to come together to take on ISIL. The UK should not allow question marks over the Region’s future constitutional status to stand in the way of deepening an already strong and trusting partnership. It should respond positively to the invitation from the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) to be its “partner of choice” on trade, education and cultural exchange as well as on defence and intelligence matters. Otherwise the KRG may look for help elsewhere. The report acknowledges that the Kurdistan Region has work to do on developing its democratic culture and its respect for human rights, and says that UK support should go hand in hand with proof of progress in these areas.